Raw Material Inosine CAS 58-63-9 for Cell Function Activator Treatment
Inosine Basic information
Product Name: Inosine
Synonyms: Atorel;beta-D-Ribofuranoside, hypoxanthine-9;beta-Inosine;HXR;Hypoxanthine D-riboside;Hypoxanthine, 9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-;hypoxanthined-riboside;hypoxanthinenucleoside
Product Categories: Nucleotides and Nucleosides;Antivirals for Research and Experimental Use;Biochemistry;Nucleosides and their analogs;Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Related Reagents;Nucleic acids;Bases & Related Reagents;Nucleotides;Inhibitors;Furans
Melting point : 222-226 °C (dec.)(lit.)
Chemical Properties : White crystalline powder
Usage : Has neuroprotective properties improving axonal wiring. Has been used to treat stroke patients to restore neural function.
Usage : cell function activator, cardiotonic .
Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
Inosine is commonly found in tRNAs and is essential for proper translation of the genetic code in wobble base pairs.
Knowledge of inosine metabolism has led to advances in immunotherapy in recent decades. Inosine monophosphate is oxidised by the enzyme inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, yielding xanthosine monophosphate, a key precursor in purine metabolism. Mycophenolate mofetil is an anti-metabolite, anti-proliferative drug that acts as an inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase. It is used in the treatment of a variety of autoimmune diseases including granulomatosis with polyangiitis because the uptake of purine by actively dividing B cells can exceed 8 times that of normal body cells, and, therefore, this set of white cells (which cannot operate purine salvage pathways) is selectively targeted by the purine deficiency resulting from inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) inhibition.